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Home » » Companies (Auditor's Report)(Amendment) Order, 2004 - Clause 4(ii)(c)

Companies (Auditor's Report)(Amendment) Order, 2004 - Clause 4(ii)(c)

Written By Admin on Sunday, 1 April 2012 | Sunday, April 01, 2012

Clause 4(ii)(c)

whether the company is maintaining proper records of inventory and whether any material discrepancies were noticed on physical verification and if so,  whether the same have been properly dealt with in the books of account

1) The clause requires the auditor to comment whether the company is maintaining proper records of inventory. The clause also requires the auditor to comment whether any material discrepancies were noticed on physical verification of inventory and if so, whether those material discrepancies have been properly dealt with in the books of account. 

2) What constitutes “proper records” has not been defined. However, in general, records relating to inventories should contain, inter alia, the following:

(i) particulars of the item like nomenclature, nature, etc.

(ii) identification code of the item;
 
(iii) details regarding quantity of the receipts, issues, balances and dates of transactions in a chronological manner;
 
(iv) relevant document number and department identification, if any;
 
(v) location. 

3) If priced stores ledger is maintained, the records of the inventory should also disclose the prices at which the recording of the issues and receipts is made.

4) The records should contain the particulars in respect of all items of inventories. The auditor should also satisfy himself that the stock registers are updated as and when the transactions occur. The auditor should also verify that the transactions entered in stock registers are duly supported by relevant documents.

5) The purpose of showing the location of the inventory is to make verification possible. The record of movement/custody of the inventory should be maintained.

6) In cases where a company is maintaining stock records for work-in-progress, say, for compliance with the requirements of the section 209(1)(d) of the Companies Act, 1956, the auditor would normally be able to obtain relevant information in respect of work-in-progress from such records. However, in many cases, it might be impracticable to maintain stock records for work-in-progress. In such cases, the auditor should consider the fact whether the company, at any point of time, can arrive or calculate the quantity and amount involved in the work-in-progress. Some of the factors that might be used in arriving at the value of work in progress include the production cycle, input/ output ratio analysis, production and stock records for the immediately following period. If the company is able to do so, the auditor may form an opinion that proper records relating to the work-in-progress have been kept and, accordingly, no adverse comment of the auditor under this clause would be required. However, before adopting this as an audit procedure, the auditor should satisfy himself as to the impracticability of maintenance of stock registers of work-in-progress.

7)It is not possible to specify any single form in which the records should be maintained. This would depend upon the mode of account-keeping (manual or computerized), the number of operating locations, the systems of control, etc.

8) The Order further requires the auditor to examine whether material discrepancies have been noticed on verification of inventories when compared with book records. Such an examination is possible when quantitative records are maintained for inventories but in many cases circumstances may warrant that records of individual issues (particularly for stores items) are not separately maintained and the closing inventory is established only on the basis of a year-end physical verification. Where such day-to-day records are not maintained, the auditor will not be able to arrive at book inventories except on the basis of an annual reconciliation of opening inventory, purchases and consumption. This reconciliation is possible when consumption in units can be co-related to the production, or can be established with reasonable accuracy. Where such reconciliation is not possible, the auditor would be unable to determine the discrepancies. If the item for which the discrepancy cannot be established is not material, the discrepancy, if any, will
also not be material. For example, an item categorised as ‘C’ in ABC analysis might not be material and therefore, the discrepancy, if any, in regard to such an item would not be material. In other cases, however, the auditor will have to report that he is unable to determine the discrepancy, if any, on physical verification for the item or class of items to be specified.


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